Hello! We are happy to present you a new heading. The Rimon with Youth English Club are going to print articles in English too!
What is “Youth English Club”?
We are a group of Tallinn’s high school students who want to make Estonia a little bit better. In our opinion one of the biggest problems of our amazing country is the split between Russian speaking and Estonian speaking communities. But what can students do?
We have been making events since this summer. The format is really interesting and simple – Estonian and Russian youth comes to our club and discusses with each other interesting topics for them. Moreover, each time we have a speaker from a foreign country who tells us about life and culture in his/her country.
However, we also have our own media @yec_tln in Instagram, Telegram and Facebook. Every day we publish articles in English there, but in the Rimon we are going to print some of the best materials for the month. Let’s go!
On 27th of January, althought 76 years ago the liberation of the Nazi German concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz-Birkenau occured. Now it is the international day of commemoration in memory of the victims of the Holocaust, which is the ideological and systematic state-sponsored persecution and mass murder of millions of European Jews (as well as millions of others, including Romani people, the intellectually disabled, dissidents and homosexuals) by the German Nazi regime between 1933 and 1945.
To Adolf Hitler, Jews were an “inferior race”, an “evil race struggling for world domination” viewing them as “racial polluters, a cancer on German society”. Under the cover of World War II mass killing centers formed in the concentration camps of occupied Poland. The amount of victims could be measured by the whole Netherlands population today – about 17 million people.
The concentration camps, starting from the first one opened in Dachau in March 1933, became killing grounds of the Holocaust. From burned books to synagogues, from dismissing non-Aryans from civil service to killing and arresting Jews, and an unending state of uncertainty and fear. Nazis’ actions caused the death of million people from all over Europe and in some cases even beyond, followed by the diseases and constant hunger. “The Angel of Death”, also known as Josef Mengele got his fame by medical experiments on twins, injecting them with everything from petrol to chloroform under the guise of giving them medical treatment.
In his last will and political testament, Hitler blamed the war on “International Jewry and its helpers”. In the following day Hitler commited suicide.
Author Primo Levi described his own state of mind, as well as that of his fellow inmates in Auschwitz on the day before Soviet troops arrived at the camp in January 1945: “We lay in a world of death and phantoms. The last trace of civilization had vanished around and inside us. The work of bestial degradation, begun by the victorious Germans, had been carried to conclusion by the Germans in defeat.”
Over the decades that followed, ordinary Germans struggled with the Holocaust’s bitter legacy, as survivors and the families of victims sought restitution of wealth and property confiscated during the Nazi years. Beginning in 1953, the German government made payments to individual Jews and to the Jewish people as a way of acknowledging the German people’s responsibility for the crimes committed in their name.
“Where one burns books, one will, in the end, burn people.” – a German poet of Jewish origin Heinrich Heine.